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The Centre d’étude sur la pauvreté et l’exclusion (CEPE) is an observation, research and discussion centre entrusted with providing reliable and rigourous information, notably of a statistical nature, on  poverty and social exclusion issues.

Created within the context of the Act to combat poverty and social exclusion, the CEPE acts under the aegis of the ministère du Travail, de l’Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale (MTESS) and is managed in collaboration with a steering committee composed of members working in the academic research or government sector, or working with people who are experiencing poverty or social exclusion. For further details, consult the section Introduction to the CEPE.


April 23th, 2019

The Influence of Economic Growth and Tax Policies on Poverty Over Time

This research note presents the main findings of a study conducted by the Centre d'étude sur la pauvreté et l'exclusion (CÉPE), which focuses on the relationship between economic growth and the evolution of poverty.

In this research note, the CÉPE also addresses the shift in the composition of family units over the past decades and its effect on poverty. Finally, the question concerning the challenges raised by the Commission d'examen sur la fiscalité québécoise as pertains to the mix of tax methods for our society's less fortunate is discussed in the last part of this document.

Mental Health Disorders and Poverty in Quebec

This study documents the low-income situation of people with mental health disorders and the high incidence of mental health disorders among people living in poverty. The analysis thus demonstrates the interaction and two-way relationship between mental health disorders and poverty.

The CÉPE also provides a brief literature review that identifies the context of this research note and presents the concepts that were selected and the main assumptions that underlie the links between mental health and poverty. Finally, the CÉPE provides a statistical analysis of the available data, including those from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), and offers some suggestions of indicators that could be monitored.

January 30th, 2019

Poverty, Inequality and Social Exclusion in Québec: 2018 Progress Report

This progress report brings together the most up-to-date data on poverty and inequality in Québec and provides the results of interregional, interprovincial and international comparisons of the most recent low income rates according to various thresholds. Simulations of typical cases make it possible to observe changes in poverty over time according to family situation. In conclusion, the report presents various inequality measures and various indicators of social exclusion.


The CÉPE annual progress report now includes an update of data first published in the advisory opinion on measuring social exclusion associated with poverty that was published by the CÉPE in 2015 (Avis sur la mesure de l’exclusion sociale associée à la pauvreté : des indicateurs à suivre, 2015, French only). Going forward the annual progress report will include all the indicators of social exclusion recommended in that Advisory Opinion.

Last update: 2019-12-12 Top of Page
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